Parashat Behar / פרשת בהר


LEVITICUS 25 (ONKELOS) — 1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh in the mountain of Sinai, saying: 2 Speak with the children of Israel, and say to them: When you have entered into the land that I will give you, the land shall have rest by an intermission (shemet shemittha) before the Lord. 3 Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years prune thy vineyard, and gather in its fruit; 4 but in the seventh year the land shall have a respite of rest (neach shemittha), a respite before the Lord; thou shalt not sow thy field nor prune thy vineyard. 5 The after crop of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither make vintage of the grapes which thou mayest have left, it shall be a year of remission to the land. 6 Yet the remission of the land(49) shall be to thee for food, to thee, and to thy servant, and to thy handmaid, and to thy hireling, and to the sojourner who dwelleth with thee. 7 And for thy cattle, and for the beasts that are in thy land, shall all the produce of it be for meat.

8 And number to thee seven (such) years of Release, which are seven times seven years; and the days of the seven years of release shall be to thee (in all) forty and nine years. 9 And thou shalt make the sound of the trumpet to pass forth, in the seventh month on the tenth of the month, on the day of the expiations shall you make (the sound of) the trumpet to pass through all your land. 10 And you shall sanctify the year of the fifty years, and proclaim liberty in all the land to all its inhabitants; it is and it shall be a jubilee to you; and each man shall return to his inheritance, and each to his family shall return. 11 A jubilee shall that year of fifty years be to you. Ye shall not sow nor reap the after crop, nor make vintage of the remainder, 12 for it is a jubilee; it shall be sacred to you; of the growth of the field you may eat. 13 In the year of this jubilee a man shall return to his inheritance.

14 And when thou sellest a sale to thy neighbour, or buyest of thy neighbour’s hand, you shall not impose, a man upon his brother. 15 For the number of the years after the (last) jubilee thou shalt buy of thy neighbour; for the number of the years of the produce he shall sell to thee: 16 according to the multitude of the years thou shalt increase the price, and according to the fewness of the years thou shalt diminish the price; for he selleth thee the amount of the fruits. 17 And you shall not impose, a man upon his neighbour; but thou shalt fear thy God, for I am the Lord your God. 18 And you shall perform My statutes, and keep My judgments, and do them, and dwell in the land in security. 19 And the land shall yield her fruitage, and you shall eat unto the full, and dwell upon it in security. 20 And if you say, What shall we eat in the seventh year; behold, we are not to sow, nor to gather in our fruit? 21 I will command My benediction upon you in the sixth year, and it shall produce for three years. 22 And you shall sow in the eighth year, and eat of the old produce unto the ninth year: until the fruit come in, you shall eat of the old.

23 But you may not sell the ground absolutely: for the land is Mine, for you are guests and sojourners before Me; 24 and in all the land of your inheritance you shall let the ground have redemption.

25 When thy brother hath become poor, and shall have sold his possession, his redeemer who is of kin to him may come and release that which his kinsman has sold. 26 And if he have no one to release it, and it pertaineth to his hand to find sufficient means for its redemption; 27 then let him reckon the years of its sale, and restore the full amount to the man who bought it, that he may return to his possession. 28 But if his hand find not sufficiency to give him, the (property) sold shall be in the hand of the buyer until the year of Jubilee, and shall go out in the Jubilee, and return to his possession.

29 And if a man sell a dwelling house in a town surrounded with a wall, he may redeem it within the full year of the sale of it; within that time shall be its redemption. 30 But if it be not repurchased when the whole year is completed, the house that is in the walled town shall belong absolutely to him who bought it for his generations; it shall not go out at the Jubilee. 31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be accounted as the field of the land; they may be redeemed, or shall go out at the Jubilee.

32 And the cities of the Levites, the houses of the cities of their inheritance, may be always redeemed by the Levites (or, be a perpetual redemption for the Levites). 33 And (so of him) who purchaseth of the Levites, the purchased house in the city of their possession shall go out at the Jubilee; for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their inheritance among the sons of Israel. 34 But a field in the suburbs of their cities may not be sold; for it is an everlasting possession for them.

35 And if thy brother hath become poor, and his hand waver with thee, then thou shalt strengthen him, and he shall be a guest and a sojourner with thee. 36 Thou shalt not take from him any usuries,(50) nor interest (increase), but shalt fear thy God, and let thy brother live with thee. 37 Thou shalt not give him thy money for usury,(51) nor thy food for increase. 38 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from the land of Mizraiin, to give you the land of Kenaan, and to be your God.

39 And if thy brother hath become poor with thee, and hath sold himself to thee, thou shalt not make him do the works of slaves, 40 but as a hired man and an inmate shall he be with thee; until the year of Jubilee shall he serve with thee: 41 then shall he go out from being with thee, he and his children with him, and return to his family and to the inheritance of his fathers. 42 For they are My servants, whom I brought out from the land of Mizraim; they shall not be sold as the selling of bondmen. 43 Thou shalt not make him serve with rigour, but shalt fear thy God. 44 Thy bondmen and thy handmaids thou shalt have from the Gentiles who are about thee; from them thou mayest obtain bondmen and handmaids. 45 And also from the sons of the uncircumcised strangers who sojourn with you, of them and of their children who are with you which are born in the land, you may obtain a possession, 46 and may make them an inheritance for your children after you to inherit them for a possession to serve them perpetually; but among your brethren the sons of Israel no man shall make his brother labour with hardness. 47 And if the hand of an uncircumcised sojourner with thee wax strong, and thy brother with thee become poor and sell himself to the uncircumcised sojourner with thee, or to an Aramite of the race of the stranger, 48 after that he is sold he may have redemption; one of his brethren may redeem him. 49 Either his father’s brother, or the son of his father’s brother, may redeem him; or any one of kin to the flesh of his family may redeem him; or if his hand be able, he may redeem himself. 50 And he shall reckon with his purchaser from the year that he sold himself, unto the year of Jubilee, and the money of his payment shall be according to the number of the years, according to the days of an hireling shall it be with him. 51 If the years be yet many, according to them shall he give the price of his redemption; 52 or if but few years remain unto the year of Jubilee, he shall compute with him, and according to the years shall give for his redemption. 53 As a hireling year by year shall he be with him; he shall not work him with rigour before thine eyes. 54 But if he be not redeemed within those years, he shall go out at the year of Jubilee, he and his children with him. 55 For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are servants whom I brought out of the land of Mizraim: I am the Lord your God.

LEVITICUS 26 (ONKELOS) — 1 You shall make to you no idols, nor image, nor set up for you a statue; nor a stone for worship shall you make on your land to worship upon it, for I am the Lord your God. 2 The days of my Sabbaths you shall keep, and reverence the house of my sanctuary: I am the Lord.