Themes of Shavuot (Pentecost)New Revelation
One theme of Shavuot (Pentecost) is a new revelation of G-d’s will (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:15-16,21). Two notable historical events happened on this day.
- The giving of the Ten Commandments or the Torah.It should be noted here that the Hebrew word Torah, commonly translated as “law” in English, does not mean “law,” but “instruction or teaching” in the Hebrew language. By understanding the meaning of the Hebrew word Torah, we can see that the Torah was neverintended, nor should it ever be understood by non-Jewish people, to mean a code of do’s and don’ts. Rather, it should be seen as G-d’s instruction and teaching to us so we can understand Him better.Israel came to Mount Sinai on the third day of the third month (Exodus [Shemot] 19:1). The L-rd visited the people three days later (Exodus [Shemot] 19:10-17). Therefore, the Torah was given by G-d in the third month of the biblical religious calendar, which is the month of Sivan, on the sixth day of this month. This day is exactly 50 days from the crossing of the Red Sea.Shavuot (Pentecost) is called the season of the giving of the Torah (Z’man Matan Toraseinu) in Hebrew because this is the literal day that G-d revealed Himself to the people of Israel as they stood at the base of Mount Sinai.
- The giving of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) by G-d.Yeshua
- was resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits (
- ), as was seen in the previous chapter. Fifty days after the resurrection of
- , the Holy Spirit (
- ) came to dwell in the hearts and lives of all the believers in
- (Acts 1:8; 2:1-18; Luke 24:49; Joel 2:28-29; Exodus [
- ] 19:16; Isaiah [
- ] 44:3; Deuteronomy [
- ] 16:5-6,16; 2 Kings 21:4).
At this point, let’s make a comparison
Shavuot in the Tanach (Ex 19) Shavuot in the Brit Hadashah(Jer 31:31-33)
- – The fiftieth day – The fiftieth day – Commandments of G-d written – Commandments of G-d written on tablets of stone (Exodus 24:12) on our hearts (Jer 31:33; Psalm 40:8; 37:31; Is 51:7; Ezekiel 11:19-20; 36:22-27; 2 Cor 3:3; Hebrews 8:10) – Written by the finger of G-d – Written by the Spirit of (Exodus 31:18) G-d (2 Corinthians 3:3; Hebrews 8:10) – 3,000 slain (Exodus 32:1-8,26-28) – 3,000 live (Acts 2:3841) – The letter of the Torah – The Spirit of the Torah (Romans 2:29; 7:6; 2 Cor 3:6) – Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:11) – Mount Zion (Romans 11:26; Hebrews 12:22; 1 Peter 2:6)