Lesson 24

Torah Mosheh 3:

Vayikra / ויקרא

Leviticus (Torah Kohanim) Chapter 1

Parashah 24: Third – Vayikra (He called) 1:1-5:26 (6:7)


Vayikra el-Mosheh vayedaber Adonai elav meohel moed lemor:

Then Adonai called to Mosheh and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying:

1:2דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי-יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּןלַיְהֹוָה מִן-הַבְּהֵמָה מִן-הַבָּקָר וּמִן-הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת-קָרְבַּנְכֶם׃

Daber el-benei Yisra’el ve’amarta alehem adam ki-yakriv mikem korbanlAdonai min-habehemah min-habakar umin-hatzon takrivu et-karebanchem.

“Speak to the sons of Yisrael and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to Adonai, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock.

1:3 Elevation / Olah From Cattle

1:3אִם-עֹלָה קָרְבָּנוֹ מִן-הַבָּקָר זָכָר תָּמִים יַקְרִיבֶנּוּ אֶל-פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵדיַקְרִיב אֹתוֹ לִרְצֹנוֹ לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃

Im-‘olah karebano min-habakar zachar tamim yakrivennu el-petach ohel mo’ed yakriv oto lirtzono lifnei Adonai

If his offering is an Olah from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before Adonai.


1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the Olah; and it shall be acceptedfor him to make atonement for him.

1:5 [North of altar?- kill]

And he shall kill the bullock before Adonai: and the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall Karav the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about (4 sides) upon the altar that [is by] the door of the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting).

1:6 [West of altar?skin-cut]

And he (Giver) shall skin the Olah, and cut it into its pieces.

1:7 And ben Aharon Kohen shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:

1:8 [South of altar?head-fat]

And the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall lay the parts, the head, and the chelev(fats), in order upon the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:

1:9[South of altar?entrail-leg]

But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in mayim: and the Kohen shall burn all on the altar, [to be] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.

— 1:10 Elevation/Olah From Sheep and Goats

1:10 And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall Karav it a male tamiym.

1:11 [North of altar?kill]

And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before Adonai: and the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.

1:12 [West of altar?skin-cut]

And he shall cut it into his pieces,

[South of altar?head-fats]

with his head and his chelev(fats): and the Kohen shall lay them in order on the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:

1:13[South of altar?entrail-legs]

But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the Kohen shall Karav [it] all, and burn [it] upon the altar: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.

Elevation/Olah From Birds1st Portion | 2nd Portion | 3rd Portion | 4th Portion | 5th Portion | 6th Portion | 7th Portion | MaftirTehillim 50 | Haftarah | Brit Hadashah

1:14 (ii)

And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to Adonai [be] of fowls, then he shall Karav his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.

1:15 [North of altar?head-wrungoff]

And the Kohen shall Karav it to the altar, and wring off his head(rosh), and burn [it] on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of thealtar:

1:16 [East of altar?feathers-internal organ]

And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, by the place of the ashes:

1:17 [South of altar?burned the remaider]

And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, [but] shall not divide [it] asunder: and the Kohen shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that [is] upon the fire: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.

Vayikra – is used to describe Hashem’s speaking to Mosheh in three occasions

  • The First Vayikra (calling) was the incident of the Burning Bush (Shemot 3)
  • The Second Vayikra (calling) was at Mount Sinai – vayikra elav (Shemot 19)
  • The Third Vayikra (calling) to the Tent of Meeting with the five type offerings Vayikra 1-5)
  • The fourth type of calling is mention in Brit Hadashah – the hope of your calling (Ephesios 4:4)

Keyword: read, call, name, recite, summon, call the roll, come near

Why is the Alef (א) in this word unusually small? 
The sages comment that this small Alef refers to the humility of Moshe Rabbeinu, of whom the Torah says, “Now the man Moshe was very meek (ענו), above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.” Barmidbar 12:3

Like Moshe, Yeshua is described as ‘anav’ or ‘humble’, “Come unto me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek (ענו) and lowly in heart: and you shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” MattitYahu 11:28-30

Adonai Calls Out to His People From the Tabernacle, so he invite his people to draw near to Him, intimate relationship; Gives Instructions On How Man Can Be Reconciled to Him Through the Elevation / Burnt (Olah) Offering / oblation (Korban, Karav-come near): a Picture of the Work of Yeshua At the tree of suffering

Calling – in greek is call Klesis – a calling, calling to  a call, invitation; to a feast of the divine invitation to embrace salvation of Elohim.Romaios 11:29  For the gifts and calling of Elohim are without repentance (no regrets).Ephesios 4:4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;1 Korintos 1:26 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:2 Kefa 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall * never fall *:2 Thessalonika 1:11 Wherefore * * also we pray always for you, that our Elohim would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power:

Complete consecration of Moshiach to YHVH  (Mt 26:39; Lk 2:49; Jn 4:34, 5:30, 8:29; 9:4, 14:31, 17:4, 19:30, Phil 2:5-11; Heb 10:9; Jn 6:38)

[IE EXCEL] Vayikra Sacrifical System


Atonement – Kapar / kapparah כּפר-  to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch; to coat or cover with pitch; to cover over, pacify, propitiate; to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for; to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites; wipe off, cover with blood.

Olah / burnt offering consist of two types of Olah sacrifices –

  • one offered on behalf of individuals
  • one offered on behalf of community – A community olah was offered every morning and every evening at about sunrise and sunset – for daily community olah was the lamb.

The Olah is a symbol of an individual’s commitment to follow Adonay completely.

The Olah was totally consumed by fire. (Yeshua is a pictured in this commitment (Romans 12:1)

“I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of Adonai, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to Adonai, which is your reasonable service.”

Offering!brq  – Korban,offering oblation, Karav, Qarab, to come near, approach, enter into, draw near, present to approach

shall put his hand upon the head–This was a significant act but that he confessed his consciousness of sin and prayed that his guilt and its punishment might be transferred to the victim. and it shall be–rather, “that it may be an acceptable atonement.”

There are two types of redemption vs 11 and 16, first one is calling all man to salvation vs 11 – north is where sheep gate, Hope of our calling, and the second redemption is cleansing of all Set apart Ones, judgment of our works. These are two only two cardinal bearing of the altar mention in chapter One that is of great importance. The other presumption cardinal position of the altar placement and type of activities which  speaks of Yeshua’s redemptive work in action and His condition of His sufferingFirst type of salvation for all men come to repentance and cover by His atoning blood
Northward of the altar?
 !wpc   north (of direction), northward north northward mean Judgment  however Yeshua ha Moshiach take on the judgment supposedly due for us – Lamb sacrifice. Dan coming from North. – 
keyword Kill, burn  atone acceptance which probably we see the Yeshua crucifixion site is at the Northern site

Door of the tent of meeting closest to the Holy of Holiest for Bullock

Altar  Northwards – for Sheep and Goat – facing North is the sheep gate
See chapter 1:5 ; 11 15 

Westward of the altar? – speaks Yeshua, suffering, crucifixion, tree of suffering (Stake) –  
West is found in vs 6,7 and 12 offering Bullock, sheep and goat.  but not for turtledove and young pigeon because these animal cannot be use as redemption however for those who are poor it is allow, as long as their heart have the repentance, true worship, thanksgiving; understood the significant of burnt offering and sin offering and trespass offering.
Key word : Cut, Skinned,  wood, fire – type Atonement, Blood covenant
Yeshua was bruise for our iniquity, back slash wounded,  scars, His pierce hands, fire represent the pain and agony He experience

East Ward of the altar?   is the second redemption known to be a type of Yom Kippur where the Red heifer  return of Moshiach – cleansing for Set apart Ones – East only mention verse turtledove andd young pigeon in verse 16, I don’t know why only mention in these animal may it was  because they are flying animals of the sky coming down to earth when landing.
Keyword: ASHES, WINGS 
East was Not mention offering of sheep,goat, bullock offering
The word Ashes is very significant for us as it was mention in Ezekiel  38 times East… Ashes Moshiach came to cleanse our sins

Southward of the altar?   is the sweet aroma – acceptance; redemption complete, “it is finished” Burnt offering – Purity, I do not know why south is lowest part,

Keyword : sanctification, wash, inward, mayim, water, Burnt, go up in smoke, sweet or fragrant aroma.
the smoke going up, ascend up, speak of Yeshua was buried and on the third day He has Risen, 40 days later He return to heaven to prepare a place for us
found in vs 9, 13 17Yochanan 14:2 In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told * you. I go to prepare a place for you.

The significant symbolism character of these animal

Strong – Aggressive

Bull – Strong individuals who carry burden, symbolic of elders and political leaders,

Male Sheep (ram or a he goat) – Strong individuals – non aggressive Maale family leaders, the whole family as a unit

Goat – Rebellious stubborn – reciprocal of the sheep

Mild – Non-Aggressive

Sheep – Submissive, subservient, family non leeadership, lay man , Benai Yisrael

Pigeon – Mourner, symbolic of poor, needy and ooppressed

Turtledove – Mourner symbolic of normad and destituute

ChaptersTorah ha Korbanot
Chapter 1Olah / Burnt Offering – free will – blood – covenantal
Chapter 2Minchah Grain / Meal Offering  free will
Chapter 3Shelamin /Peace /fellowship Offering  free will
Chapter 4Chatat/ Sin Offering –
Chapter 5Asham/ Trespass Offering ;
The Torah for the Offering
Continue from Chapter 6 : 1-13
Chapter 6 : 14 – 23The Torah of the Grain Offering
Chapter 6 : 24 – 30The Torah of the Sin Offering
Chapter 7 : 1 – 9The Torah of the Trespass Offering
Chapter 7 : 11 – 21The Torah of the Peace Offering
Instruction for the Kohen (Priest)
Chapter 7 : 22 – 27Fat and Blood may not be eaten
Chapter 7 : 28 – 38The Portion of Aharon and His Cohanim (Son)
Chapter 8Aharon and His kohanim Consecrated
Chapter 9The kohen Ministry Begin
Chapter 10 : 1 – 7The unauthorised Fire of Nadav and Avihu
Chapter 10 : 8 – 20Conduct Prescribed for Cohen
Chapter 11 : 1 – 23Foods permitted and Forbidden – Overview
Chapter 11 : 24 – 46Unclean Animals
Chapter 12The Ritual after childbirth
The Torah for dealing tza.ra’at (Leprosy)
Chapter 13 : 1 – 46The Torah concerning Tzaraat (leprosy) – Tumas Tzaraas
Chapter 13 : 47 – 59The Torah concerning Leprous Garments
Chapter 14 : 1 – 32The Ritual for Cleansing Healed Lepers
Chapter 14 : 33 – 57The Torah Concerning Leprous Houses – Sign of tzara’at (Leprosy)
Chapter 15The Torah concerning Bodily Discharges unclean issues and their cleaning
Salvation, Restoration and Feasting
Chapter 16The Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) –
Chapter 16 : 1 – 19kohen’s vestments and Offering
Chapter 16 : 20 – 28The scrapegoat
Chapter 16 : 29 – 34Feast of expiations
Chapter 17The Sanctity of Blood
1 – 9The sprinkling of blood
10 – 16Eating of blood forbidden
Moral mitzvot
Chapter 18The Torah for Sexual Morality – Unlawful marriages and lusts
Chapter 19The Moral and Ceremonial Torah
Chapter 20Penalties for Breaking the Torah
Chapter 21 – EmorRegulations for Conduct of kohen
Chapter 22The Torah concerning Cohen and offering
Chapter 22 : 17 – 33Offerings Accepted and Not Accepted
Study note:
Vayikra (Leviticus)Chapter 23
Seven Prophetic Feasts of the Adonai
View Diagram Illustration
Chapter 23The Feast of Adonai
1- 2 
3The Shabbat
A weekly day of rest beginning Friday at sundown and closing Saturday at sundown.
4 – 8The Pesach (Passover) The Feast of Unleavened Bread
9 – 14Yom HaBikkurim – The Feast of Firstfruits
15 – 22Shavout – The Feast of Weeks – The Pentecost
23 – 25Rosh Hashanah – The Feast of Shofar (Ram’s Horn) The Jewish New Year
26 – 32Yom Kippur – The Day of Atonement
33 – 44Sukkot – The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths
Chapter 24 : 1 – 4Care of the Tabernacle Lamps
Chapter 24 : 5 – 9The Bread of the Tabernacle
Chapter 24 : 10 – 23The Penalty of Blasphemy
Chapter 25 : 1- 7The Shabbat of the Seventh Year
Chapter 25 : 8 – 17The Year of Jubilee
Chapter 25 : 18 – 22Provision for the Seventh Year
Chapter 25 : 23 – 34Redemption of Property
Chapter 25 : 35 – 38Lending to the Poor
Chapter 25 : 39 – 55The Torah for Slavery
Chapter 26Promise of Blessing and Retribution
Chapter 27Redeeming Persons and Property Dedicated to G_d of Israel