Torah Mosheh 3:
Vayikra / ויקרא
Leviticus (Torah Kohanim) Chapter 1
Parashah 24: Third – Vayikra (He called) 1:1-5:26 (6:7)
Vayikra el-Mosheh vayedaber Adonai elav meohel moed lemor:
Then Adonai called to Mosheh and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying:
1:2דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אָדָם כִּי-יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּןלַיְהֹוָה מִן-הַבְּהֵמָה מִן-הַבָּקָר וּמִן-הַצֹּאן תַּקְרִיבוּ אֶת-קָרְבַּנְכֶם׃
Daber el-benei Yisra’el ve’amarta alehem adam ki-yakriv mikem korbanlAdonai min-habehemah min-habakar umin-hatzon takrivu et-karebanchem.
“Speak to the sons of Yisrael and say to them, ‘When any man of you brings an offering to Adonai, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock.
1:3אִם-עֹלָה קָרְבָּנוֹ מִן-הַבָּקָר זָכָר תָּמִים יַקְרִיבֶנּוּ אֶל-פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵדיַקְרִיב אֹתוֹ לִרְצֹנוֹ לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃
Im-‘olah karebano min-habakar zachar tamim yakrivennu el-petach ohel mo’ed yakriv oto lirtzono lifnei Adonai
If his offering is an Olah from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before Adonai.
1:5 [North of altar?- kill]
And he shall kill the bullock before Adonai: and the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall Karav the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about (4 sides) upon the altar that [is by] the door of the Ohel Moed (tent of meeting).
1:6 [West of altar?skin-cut]
And he (Giver) shall skin the Olah, and cut it into its pieces.
1:7 And ben Aharon Kohen shall put fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order upon the fire:
1:8 [South of altar?head-fat]
And the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall lay the parts, the head, and the chelev(fats), in order upon the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:
1:9[South of altar?entrail-leg]
But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in mayim: and the Kohen shall burn all on the altar, [to be] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.
— 1:10 Elevation/Olah From Sheep and Goats
1:10 And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall Karav it a male tamiym.
1:11 [North of altar?kill]
And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before Adonai: and the Kohanim, Aharon’s banim, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.
1:12 [West of altar?skin-cut]
And he shall cut it into his pieces,
[South of altar?head-fats]
with his head and his chelev(fats): and the Kohen shall lay them in order on the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar:
1:13[South of altar?entrail-legs]
But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the Kohen shall Karav [it] all, and burn [it] upon the altar: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.
And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to Adonai [be] of fowls, then he shall Karav his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons.
1:15 [North of altar?head-wrungoff]
And the Kohen shall Karav it to the altar, and wring off his head(rosh), and burn [it] on the altar; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of thealtar:
1:16 [East of altar?feathers-internal organ]
And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, by the place of the ashes:
1:17 [South of altar?burned the remaider]
And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, [but] shall not divide [it] asunder: and the Kohen shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that [is] upon the fire: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to Adonai.
Vayikra – is used to describe Hashem’s speaking to Mosheh in three occasions
- The First Vayikra (calling) was the incident of the Burning Bush (Shemot 3)
- The Second Vayikra (calling) was at Mount Sinai – vayikra elav (Shemot 19)
- The Third Vayikra (calling) to the Tent of Meeting with the five type offerings Vayikra 1-5)
- The fourth type of calling is mention in Brit Hadashah – the hope of your calling (Ephesios 4:4)
Keyword: read, call, name, recite, summon, call the roll, come near
Why is the Alef (א) in this word unusually small?
The sages comment that this small Alef refers to the humility of Moshe Rabbeinu, of whom the Torah says, “Now the man Moshe was very meek (ענו), above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.” Barmidbar 12:3
Like Moshe, Yeshua is described as ‘anav’ or ‘humble’, “Come unto me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek (ענו) and lowly in heart: and you shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” MattitYahu 11:28-30
Adonai Calls Out to His People From the Tabernacle, so he invite his people to draw near to Him, intimate relationship; Gives Instructions On How Man Can Be Reconciled to Him Through the Elevation / Burnt (Olah) Offering / oblation (Korban, Karav-come near): a Picture of the Work of Yeshua At the tree of suffering
Calling – in greek is call Klesis – a calling, calling to a call, invitation; to a feast of the divine invitation to embrace salvation of Elohim.Romaios 11:29 For the gifts and calling of Elohim are without repentance (no regrets).Ephesios 4:4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;1 Korintos 1:26 For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:2 Kefa 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall * never fall *:2 Thessalonika 1:11 Wherefore * * also we pray always for you, that our Elohim would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power:
Complete consecration of Moshiach to YHVH (Mt 26:39; Lk 2:49; Jn 4:34, 5:30, 8:29; 9:4, 14:31, 17:4, 19:30, Phil 2:5-11; Heb 10:9; Jn 6:38)
Atonement – Kapar / kapparah כּפר- to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch; to coat or cover with pitch; to cover over, pacify, propitiate; to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for; to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites; wipe off, cover with blood.
Olah / burnt offering consist of two types of Olah sacrifices –
- one offered on behalf of individuals
- one offered on behalf of community – A community olah was offered every morning and every evening at about sunrise and sunset – for daily community olah was the lamb.
The Olah is a symbol of an individual’s commitment to follow Adonay completely.
The Olah was totally consumed by fire. (Yeshua is a pictured in this commitment (Romans 12:1)
“I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of Adonai, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to Adonai, which is your reasonable service.”
Offering!brq – Korban,offering oblation, Karav, Qarab, to come near, approach, enter into, draw near, present to approach
shall put his hand upon the head–This was a significant act but that he confessed his consciousness of sin and prayed that his guilt and its punishment might be transferred to the victim. and it shall be–rather, “that it may be an acceptable atonement.”
There are two types of redemption vs 11 and 16, first one is calling all man to salvation vs 11 – north is where sheep gate, Hope of our calling, and the second redemption is cleansing of all Set apart Ones, judgment of our works. These are two only two cardinal bearing of the altar mention in chapter One that is of great importance. The other presumption cardinal position of the altar placement and type of activities which speaks of Yeshua’s redemptive work in action and His condition of His sufferingFirst type of salvation for all men come to repentance and cover by His atoning blood
Northward of the altar? !wpc north (of direction), northward north northward mean Judgment however Yeshua ha Moshiach take on the judgment supposedly due for us – Lamb sacrifice. Dan coming from North. –
keyword Kill, burn atone acceptance which probably we see the Yeshua crucifixion site is at the Northern site
Door of the tent of meeting closest to the Holy of Holiest for Bullock
Altar Northwards – for Sheep and Goat – facing North is the sheep gate
See chapter 1:5 ; 11 15
Westward of the altar? – speaks Yeshua, suffering, crucifixion, tree of suffering (Stake) –
West is found in vs 6,7 and 12 offering Bullock, sheep and goat. but not for turtledove and young pigeon because these animal cannot be use as redemption however for those who are poor it is allow, as long as their heart have the repentance, true worship, thanksgiving; understood the significant of burnt offering and sin offering and trespass offering.
Key word : Cut, Skinned, wood, fire – type Atonement, Blood covenant
Yeshua was bruise for our iniquity, back slash wounded, scars, His pierce hands, fire represent the pain and agony He experience
East Ward of the altar? is the second redemption known to be a type of Yom Kippur where the Red heifer return of Moshiach – cleansing for Set apart Ones – East only mention verse turtledove andd young pigeon in verse 16, I don’t know why only mention in these animal may it was because they are flying animals of the sky coming down to earth when landing.
Keyword: ASHES, WINGS
East was Not mention offering of sheep,goat, bullock offering
The word Ashes is very significant for us as it was mention in Ezekiel 38 times East… Ashes Moshiach came to cleanse our sins
Southward of the altar? is the sweet aroma – acceptance; redemption complete, “it is finished” Burnt offering – Purity, I do not know why south is lowest part,
Keyword : sanctification, wash, inward, mayim, water, Burnt, go up in smoke, sweet or fragrant aroma.
the smoke going up, ascend up, speak of Yeshua was buried and on the third day He has Risen, 40 days later He return to heaven to prepare a place for us
found in vs 9, 13 17Yochanan 14:2 In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told * you. I go to prepare a place for you.
The significant symbolism character of these animal
Strong – Aggressive
Bull – Strong individuals who carry burden, symbolic of elders and political leaders,
Male Sheep (ram or a he goat) – Strong individuals – non aggressive Maale family leaders, the whole family as a unit
Goat – Rebellious stubborn – reciprocal of the sheep
Mild – Non-Aggressive
Sheep – Submissive, subservient, family non leeadership, lay man , Benai Yisrael
Pigeon – Mourner, symbolic of poor, needy and ooppressed
Turtledove – Mourner symbolic of normad and destituute
|Chapters||Torah ha Korbanot|
|Chapter 1||Olah / Burnt Offering – free will – blood – covenantal|
|Chapter 2||Minchah Grain / Meal Offering free will|
|Chapter 3||Shelamin /Peace /fellowship Offering free will|
|Chapter 4||Chatat/ Sin Offering –|
|Chapter 5||Asham/ Trespass Offering ;|
|The Torah for the Offering|
|Continue from Chapter 6 : 1-13|
|Chapter 6 : 14 – 23||The Torah of the Grain Offering|
|Chapter 6 : 24 – 30||The Torah of the Sin Offering|
|Chapter 7 : 1 – 9||The Torah of the Trespass Offering|
|Chapter 7 : 11 – 21||The Torah of the Peace Offering|
|Instruction for the Kohen (Priest)|
|Chapter 7 : 22 – 27||Fat and Blood may not be eaten|
|Chapter 7 : 28 – 38||The Portion of Aharon and His Cohanim (Son)|
|Chapter 8||Aharon and His kohanim Consecrated|
|Chapter 9||The kohen Ministry Begin|
|Chapter 10 : 1 – 7||The unauthorised Fire of Nadav and Avihu|
|Chapter 10 : 8 – 20||Conduct Prescribed for Cohen|
|Chapter 11 : 1 – 23||Foods permitted and Forbidden – Overview|
|Chapter 11 : 24 – 46||Unclean Animals|
|Chapter 12||The Ritual after childbirth|
|The Torah for dealing tza.ra’at (Leprosy)|
|Chapter 13 : 1 – 46||The Torah concerning Tzaraat (leprosy) – Tumas Tzaraas|
|Chapter 13 : 47 – 59||The Torah concerning Leprous Garments|
|Chapter 14 : 1 – 32||The Ritual for Cleansing Healed Lepers|
|Chapter 14 : 33 – 57||The Torah Concerning Leprous Houses – Sign of tzara’at (Leprosy)|
|Chapter 15||The Torah concerning Bodily Discharges unclean issues and their cleaning|
|Salvation, Restoration and Feasting|
|Chapter 16||The Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) –|
|Chapter 16 : 1 – 19||kohen’s vestments and Offering|
|Chapter 16 : 20 – 28||The scrapegoat|
|Chapter 16 : 29 – 34||Feast of expiations|
|Chapter 17||The Sanctity of Blood|
|1 – 9||The sprinkling of blood|
|10 – 16||Eating of blood forbidden|
|Chapter 18||The Torah for Sexual Morality – Unlawful marriages and lusts|
|Chapter 19||The Moral and Ceremonial Torah|
|Chapter 20||Penalties for Breaking the Torah|
|Chapter 21 – Emor||Regulations for Conduct of kohen|
|Chapter 22||The Torah concerning Cohen and offering|
|Chapter 22 : 17 – 33||Offerings Accepted and Not Accepted|
Vayikra (Leviticus)Chapter 23
Seven Prophetic Feasts of the AdonaiView Diagram Illustration
|Chapter 23||The Feast of Adonai|
A weekly day of rest beginning Friday at sundown and closing Saturday at sundown.
|4 – 8||The Pesach (Passover) The Feast of Unleavened Bread|
|9 – 14||Yom HaBikkurim – The Feast of Firstfruits|
|15 – 22||Shavout – The Feast of Weeks – The Pentecost|
|23 – 25||Rosh Hashanah – The Feast of Shofar (Ram’s Horn) The Jewish New Year|
|26 – 32||Yom Kippur – The Day of Atonement|
|33 – 44||Sukkot – The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths|
|Chapter 24 : 1 – 4||Care of the Tabernacle Lamps|
|Chapter 24 : 5 – 9||The Bread of the Tabernacle|
|Chapter 24 : 10 – 23||The Penalty of Blasphemy|
|Chapter 25 : 1- 7||The Shabbat of the Seventh Year|
|Chapter 25 : 8 – 17||The Year of Jubilee|
|Chapter 25 : 18 – 22||Provision for the Seventh Year|
|Chapter 25 : 23 – 34||Redemption of Property|
|Chapter 25 : 35 – 38||Lending to the Poor|
|Chapter 25 : 39 – 55||The Torah for Slavery|
|Chapter 26||Promise of Blessing and Retribution|
|Chapter 27||Redeeming Persons and Property Dedicated to G_d of Israel|